In Grade 8 (previously Second Year High School) students are ready to deepen their understanding of the World and its peoples beyond the shores of Philippine history and geography which has been the central idea around which all previous course in Social Studies (from Grade 1 to 7) revolve. The prescribed context for social studies learning in eight grade is Asian history and geography including the continent's culture, politics and economic systems. Students begin their examination of Asia by exploring the location, place and spatial organization of the continent's major regions. This exploration is then followed by looking at Asian history from its beginnings. Students are given the opportunity to study a few ancient civilizations deeply before specifically evaluating the history of each Asian nations from the Age of Imperialism and Colonization to the development of local brands of nationalism and their eventual independence and self-determination until the changes and challenges each country faced in their recent history as well as in the Modern Period. In this way, students develop higher levels of critical thinking by considering why civilizations and societies developed where and when they did and why they declined. Students analyze the interactions among various oriental cultures, emphasizing each country's enduring contributions and the link between the Philippine and its Asian neighbors, and in the end, appreciating their Asiatic roots as stage for their ultimate responsibilities as citizens of the world.